Dispositional factors, perceived social support and happiness among prison inmates in Nigeria: A new look

Volume 2 - Issue 1
Anthony G. Balogun
Pages: 16-33 Download Count : 5403 View Count: 3607 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


This study contributed to happiness literature by exploring the extent to which the big five personality (extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience), emotional intelligence, and social support predict happiness among less explored sample such as prison inmates in Nigeria. The study also investigated whether perceived social support will predict happiness beyond and above dispositional factors after demographic variables such as age, gender, and religion were controlled for. Two hundred and fifty one (251) prison inmates randomly selected from 3 prisons in three South-western States in Nigeria participated in the study. Data were collected by Oxford happiness questionnaires, Big Five Personality Inventory, Self-report Emotional Intelligence Test, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and were analysed using hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results showed that extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, emotional intelligence, and perceived social support collectively and relatively contributed to prison inmates’ level of happiness. Moreover, social support predicted happiness above and beyond big five personality and emotional intelligence. The results were discussed in line with past findings. Practical implications of the findings were also highlighted.


  • Personality factors
  • emotional intelligence
  • social support
  • happiness
  • prison inmates
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