The study of spirituality, work value and career decision-making between Christian and Non-Christian college students
Volume 2 - Issue 1
Huiling Peng Mei-Shu ChenPages: 63-74 Download Count : 3619 View Count: 2241
An analysis indicated that for 248 Christian college students and 356 non-Christian college students in Taiwan, there are significant relationships between the total score of spirituality and the scores of career decision making (career certainty/career indecision). Also, for both Christian and non-Christian college students, a significant relationship exists between the total score of spirituality and the total score of work value. In addition, for Christian college students, “Purpose and Meaning in Life” and “Innerness or Inner Resources” jointly predict career indecision, with explained variance of 16.6%. For non-Christian college students, “Purpose and Meaning in Life” and “Spirituality” also jointly predict their condition of career indecision, with the explained variance of 15.0%. Implications and suggestions for career counseling are also discussed. Emotion-Focused Therapy, on the optimism levels of young adults. The experimental and control groups of this research consisted of twenty four young adults. In the study, an Optimism Scale was used in order to determine the optimism levels of these young adults. Both the experimental and control groups were given the scale as a pre-test and a post-test. A set of activities, generated by the principles and techniques of Emotion-Focused Therapy, were applied to the experimental group for ten weeks. There were no studies conducted within the control group. The Mann-Whitney U Test and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test were used to find out if there were any differences between the Optimism Scale pre and post-test scores, which were applied to the experimental and control groups at the end of the sessions. At the end of the statistical analysis, it was observed that Emotional Awareness Training created a significant difference in the young adults' levels of optimism. According to this finding, it has been concluded that an Emotional Awareness Training Programme, based on Emotion-Focused Therapy, raises the optimism levels of young adults.
- work value
- career decision
- college students