Volume 2 - Issue 2

July 2014

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Happiness and physical health: Associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors

Janine Shepherd Melody Oliver Grant Schofield
Pages: 95-105

Evidence suggests that being significantly unhappy is associated with negative cardiac outcomes and that positive affect is beneficial to health. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between happiness and the individual risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in otherwise healthy working adults. Participants were recruited from one workplace in Auckland, New Zealand and completed a CVD risk assessment and demographic, nutrition and physical activity, and Authentic Happiness Inventory (AHI) questionnaires. One-way ANOVAs were performed to identify whether any significant differences existed in AHI scores by demographic and health variables. Bivariable linear regression was used to investigate the relationship between potential predictor variables and AHI classification (low or high). Variables associated with AHI classification at p < 0.20 were then examined simultaneously in multivariable logistic regression. After elimination of all non-significant factors in the multivariable logistic regression, only smoking status remained negatively associated with AHI score (p = 0.016). Despite the fact that many smokers report that smoking makes them happy, smoking was negatively associated with happiness in this sample. This finding may be implemented in smoking cessation and CVD interventions and health promotion initiatives

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Life regrets and life satisfaction in mature adults

Olivia Pethtel Yiwei Chen
Pages: 106-118

Individuals have to make many decisions throughout the lifespan. This is very likely to yield some decision outcomes that will leave a decision-maker with the feeling of regret, which can ultimately affect an individual’s well-being. The present study demonstrated the psychometric properties of a newly developed scale, the Life Regrets Scale. One hundred and nineteen mature adults between the ages of 39 and 76 completed the Life Regrets Scale. To check the validity of the life regrets scale, participants completed scales assessing the following constructs: life satisfaction, decision outcomes, and positive and negative affect. In addition, participants completed scales assessing dispositional factors including the big 5 personality factors and emotion regulation strategies. It was positively correlated with regret tendency and negative affect and negatively correlated with life satisfaction, positive affect, and decision outcomes. Dispositional variables, including personality factors, emotion regulation strategies, and affect, accounted for a significant amount of variance in predicting life satisfaction. However, life regrets uniquely accounted for variance in life satisfaction more so than dispositional factors. Results suggest that life regrets uniquely contributes to an individual’s well-being. The life regrets scale can be a useful tool for quickly assessing the intensity of life regrets that may contribute to an individual’s life satisfaction.

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Kişisel İyi Oluş İndeksi-Yetişkin Türkçe Formunun psikometrik özellikleri

Bekir Fatih Meral
Pages: 119-131

Araştırmanın amacı, Uluslararası İyi Oluş Grubu (International Wellbeing Group) tarafından geliştirilen ve pozitif psikoloji alanında en yaygın kullanılan ölçeklerden bir olan Kişisel İyi Oluş İndeksi Yetişkin (KİOİ- Y) formunun Türkiye’deki yetişkin örneklem üzerinden psikometrik özelliklerinin incelenmesidir. Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre KİOİ-Y formunun iyi düzeyde uyum indekslerine (x2 (28.06)/sd(16)=1.75, AGFI=0.93, GFI= 0.97, NFI=0.98, RFI=0.96, CFI=0.99, IFI=0.99 ve RMSEA=0.05) sahip olduğu görülmüştür. İç tutarlık katsayısının 0.86 olarak hesaplandığı ölçekte, madde-toplam korelasyonlarının yeterli düzeyde temsil gücüne sahip olduğu ve ölçüt bağıntılı geçerliliğin sağlandığı gözlenmiştir. İlgili sonuçlara göre KİOİ-Y formunun, Türkiye’de pozitif psikoloji ve yaşam kalitesi çalışmaları kapsamında kişisel iyi oluşu ölçebilecek yeterlikte olduğu söylenebilir.

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A study of stress, social support, and perceived happiness among college students

Keith A. King Rebecca A. Vidourek Ashley L. Merianos Meha Singh
Pages: 132-144

This study aimed to explore the relationship of students’ happiness, stress, and emotional closeness to others to help move towards evidence-based practices for this population. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to examine whether college students’ perceived happiness differed significantly based on stress, frequency of stress management techniques, and emotional closeness to others (social support). Results indicated that students are least happy about their financial situation, at work, and at school. Perceived happiness differed significantly based on stress levels and emotional closeness to others. Those who reported low perceived happiness reported higher stress levels and lower emotional closeness to others. The majority (61.0%) of participants reported having high stress, and were most stressed regarding school, lack of time, and with their future career. Although high levels of stress were reported, most (72.0%) students reported low frequency in using stress management techniques. Similar to the findings on perceived happiness, perceived stress differed significantly based on emotionally closeness to parents/legal guardians and friends. Those who reported low perceived stress reported higher emotional closeness to others.

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Pozitif örgütsel davranış ve pozitif psikolojik sermaye üzerine kavramsal bir inceleme

Rana Özen Kutanis Emre Oruç
Pages: 145-159

Son yıllarda pozitif psikoloji alanından hareketle örgütlerde, olumsuz davranışlar yerine pozitif davranışlara yönelen pozitif örgütsel davranış akımı ortaya çıkmıştır. Örgütlere yeni bir bakış açısı sunan bu yaklaşımın neticesinde kişinin öz-yeterlilik, umut, iyimserlik ve dayanıklılık gibi psikolojik kapasitelerinin birleşmesiyle ortaya çıkan insan sermayesi ve sosyal sermayenin ötesinde “pozitif psikolojik sermaye” kavramından bahsedilmektedir. Bu çalışmada pozitif örgütsel davranış ile bu yaklaşımdan doğan psikolojik sermaye kavramının ilişkisi incelenerek bu kavramı diğer pozitif yaklaşımlardan ayıran özellikleri ve kavramın örgüt psikolojisi alanına etkileri ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Kavramın ortaya çıkışını, bileşenlerini ve örgüt psikolojisi alanına getirdiği yeni bakış açısını anlamanın; kavramın araştırılması ve geliştirilmesi için yapılacak çalışmalara katkı sağlayacağı beklenmektedir.

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Mindfulness meditation training for sport (MMTS) intervention: Impact of MMTS with division I female athletes

Amy Baltzell Vanessa LoVerme Akhtar
Pages: 160-173

Mindfulness training has been considered an effective mode for optimizing sport performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a twelve-session, 30-minute mindfulness meditation training session for sport (MMTS) intervention. The sample included a Division I female collegiate athletes, using quantitative comparisons based on pre- and post-test ratings on the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Positive Affect Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), the Psychological Well-Being Scale and the Life Satisfaction Scale. Paired sample t-tests highlight significant increases in mindfulness scores for the intervention group (p < .01), while the comparison group score of mindfulness remained constant. Both groups remained stable in reported positive affect however the intervention group maintained stable reports of negative affect while the comparison group experienced a significant increase in Negative Affect (p < .001). Results are discussed in relation to existing theories on mindfulness and meditation

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The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being (JHW) welcomes you,
I am pleased to announce 4th issue of The Journal of Happiness and Well-Being in July 2014. 
I would like to thank to editorial board, reviewers and the researchers for their valuable contributions to the journal and this third issue.

 

July, 2014 

Tayfun DOĞAN,  Ph.D                                   
Editor-in-Chief